Content for id "text" Goes Here

Electric Vehicles are quiet.


Electric Vehicles
Do a search for "Electric Vehicles" on the web.  There are thousands of sites.
All the major cities have electric vehicle clubs and meetings you can attend.
There is a national magazine, annual convention, scheduled EV races, etc.
I personally owned a 1980 "Lectric Leopard" and loved driving it for 20 years.
-- Dean Petrich

GM-Backed Envia Claims World Record Energy Density for Li-Ion Battery

Envia Systems today announced test results that verify the company's next-­‐ generation rechargeable battery has achieved the highest recorded energy density of 400 Watt-­‐ hours/kilogram (Wh/kg) for a rechargeable lithium-­‐ion cell. When commercialized, this 400 Wh/kg battery is expected to slash the price of a 300-­‐mile range electric vehicle by cutting the cost of the battery pack by more than 50 percent.

The testing of Envia's next-­‐generation lithium-­‐ion battery was performed by the Electrochemical Power Systems Department at the Naval Surface Warfare Center (NSWC) in Crane, Ind., under the sponsorship of ARPA-­‐E. Tests at various cycling rates at NSWC confirmed that Envia's automotive battery cell demonstrated energy density between 378-­‐418 Wh/kg for rates between C/3 to C/10 for a 45 Amp-­‐hour (C/3) cell. Similar cells have been cycling in Envia's test labs for over 300 cycles. NSWC Crane will also test these cells to validate cycling performance.

"Since the inception of Envia, our product team has worked tirelessly and logged over 25 million test channel hours to optimally develop each of the active components of the battery: Envia's proprietary Si-­‐ C anode, HCMR cathode and EHV electrolyte," said Dr. Sujeet Kumar, Envia Systems co-­‐founder, president & CTO. "Rather than just a proof-­‐of-­‐concept of energy density, I am pleased that our team was successful in actually delivering 400 Wh/kg automotive grade 45 Ah lithium-­‐ion rechargeable cells."

"Envia's new battery technology represents exactly the kind of innovation and breakthroughs that ARPA-­‐E is looking for from the American research and development community," said ARPA-­‐E Director Arun Majumdar. "We hope that this low cost and high density battery technology enables wide spread adoption of electric vehicles across the country and around the world."

"In an industry where energy density tends to increase five percent a year, our achievement of more than doubling state-­‐of-­‐art energy density and lowering cost by half is a giant step towards realizing Envia's mission of mass market affordability of a 300-­‐mile electric vehicle," said Envia Systems Chairman and CEO Atul Kapadia.

IBM links EV charging networks across Europe

By Sustainable Business News
Published December 21, 2012
More Stories On:Alt-Fuel Vehicles, Big Data, More...Alt-Fuel Vehicles, Big Data, Cities, Innovation, Transportation, Travel, VERGE

A new project spearheaded by IBM could ease EV range anxiety in Europe by making it simpler for drivers to recharge their vehicles at public charging stations –- regardless of whether or not they use the same service or network at home.

Through the so-called B2B Marketplace effort, IBM is developing technology that will allow utility companies and services providers to link their networks more easily.

This will reduce the challenges associated with managing payments across different charging networks and handling international currency conversions.

The system will be transparent for EV drivers, allowing them to roam from region to region using public charging infrastructure as necessary -- regardless of what energy provider or EV infrastructure company "owns" it.

B2B Marketplace borrows from the model used to support international roaming services on mobile phones, says IBM. It would create a network of EV charging services that are compatible regionally in Europe.

The initiative is part of the Green eMotion project funded by the European Union, which aims to establish a Europe-wide EV charging network by 2015.

"This marketplace will pave the way for the electromobility mass market in Europe. It allows for open access to charging spots throughout Europe thus making the journey with an e-car simple and convenient," says Heike Barlag, an engineer with Siemens AG and Project Coordinator Green for eMotion.

IBM is one of 43 energy providers, EV manufacturers, technology companies, municipalities and research organizations involved in Green eMotion. The new marketplace uses data analytics software from the IBM SmartCloud Enterprise group along with technology and services form Enel, SAP and Siemens.

This article reprinted from


Wireless Power

Charge your car without wires


Anuvu: Car of the Future

 by Ed "Redwood" Ring /
 There are many candidates for next-generation cars:  high-tech diesels, hybrids, super-engineered gasoline powered cars, electric cars, and fuel cell cars that  use reformers. But the most efficient we've seen yet  is a prototype being developed by Anuvu Inc. in  downtown Sacramento, California. It's a car that  promises to require almost no maintenance, should last
 for decades, and can run 700 miles on $20 worth of  electricity (at $.10 per kilowatt hour).

                     DREAM CAR
                     Unlike most Americans, I'd rather not drive.  Maybe it's because I live in Manhattan, where the traffic is awful, the parking worse and public transportation by far the best choice. Half the time, I don't need transportation anyway. In the
  city, it's often easier and faster to walk. That said, I do own a car. Not a particularly exciting one. Neither new nor powerful, it
  accelerates to 60 at a very old-fashioned rate, topping out at 85 mph. The fuel economy isn't great either, but I drive so rarely, it hardly makes a difference. Why such an uninspiring model? It's a family hand-me-down that we got for free. There have
  been three such gifts over the years, and I'm truly grateful for all of them, but lately I've been wishing that we had the excuse (or need) to buy a car of our own. Then, we could get one of those half gas, half electric wonders called hybrids, or HEVS (hybrid electric vehicles).
                          Maybe it's just vanity. If I am what I drive, as the car companies would have me believe, I don't want to be the hundred-year-old internal combustion engine. I want to be the best, latest and smartest thing on wheels. Right now, that's the hybrid -- the cleanest, most efficient, quietest, most convenient vehicle available for the passenger market. Hybrids combine a small gasoline engine with a battery-powered electric motor, which provides extra power when the car accelerates or climbs
  hills. The electric motor also kicks in when the car cruises at low speeds, and in some hybrids, the car can start accelerating purely on electric power. The engine turns off when the car comes to a stop, then restarts automatically when the accelerator is pressed. Hybrids also capture and convert energy from braking that would otherwise be wasted. These various features can result in up to double the mileage of   conventional cars, as well as lower smog-forming emissions. That's not to say hybrids are anywhere near as clean as pure electric vehicles. However, they have one great advantage for consumers: they do not need to be plugged in. Simply driving the car recharges the battery.
  Currently, you can choose among three hybrids -- the Toyota Prius, Honda Insight and Honda Civic Hybrid -- all excellent cars. And the number's about to grow. Mid-sized, luxury and SUV hybrids are due out later this year and next. As you probably know, hybrids have developed quite a cachet among the Hollywood set -- Cameron Diaz, Meryl Streep and NRDC board member Leonardo DiCaprio come to mind. Don't let that persuade you that hybrids are out of your class. The cars tend to be surprisingly reasonable, with current models averaging around $20,000. You can even get a federal tax deduction of up to $1,500, plus sales tax waivers in some states.
   And, of course, hybrids are much cheaper to operate than conventional cars. The calculator at shows that the annual fuel costs for my family would be $500-$600 lower if we drove a hybrid, assuming we traveled 15,000 miles a year.
  All I can say is thank goodness we don't. With savings like that, I'd have no choice but to look our gift horse in the mouth. —Sheryl Eisenberg BETTER CONVENTIONAL CARS   If you're in the market for a new car, keep in mind that even among conventional vehicles, fuel economy and emissions vary widely. The best cars incorporate many of the same efficient features found in hybrids, such as:
   - Aerodynamic design.
    - Lightweight materials, like aluminum and high-strength steel.
    - Automatic shut-off at stop lights and instant restart when the accelerator is pressed.
    - Five- and six-gear transmissions.
    - Continuously variable transmissions (CVT), which do away with gears altogether.
    - Four-valve cylinders and variable valve timing.
    To ensure you get an efficient model, do your homework on the web. Use the EPA and ACEEE links I've provided
    to check out your chosen car's ratings.
                                            Sheryl Eisenberg, a long-time advisor
                                            to NRDC, posts a new This Green Life
                                            every month. Sheryl makes her home
                                            in Tribeca (NYC), where—along with
                                            her children, Sophie and Gabby, and
                                            husband, Peter—she tries to put her
                                            environmental principles into
                                            practice. No fooling.
                                            Neighborhood signs (at left). In New York, parking's notoriously difficult, and driving isn't much
                                             ONLINE RESOURCES NRDC
                                             Break the Chain
                                             Hybrid Cars
                                             HOW STUFF WORKS
                                             How Hybrid Cars Work
                                             2004 Cars Sorted by Rating
                                             MOTOR TREND
                                             Motor Trend Announces 2004
                                             Car of the Year
                                             Highlights of the Model Year
                                             GREEN CAR JOURNAL
                                             Building a Market for Green
                                            There she is -- the car of my
                                            dreams. While the purple's pure
                                            fantasy, the car is a real Toyota
                                            Prius, Motor Trend Magazine's "2004
                                            Car of the Year." Commenting on the
                                            choice, editor-in-chief Kevin Smith
                                            said, "The Prius is a capable,
                                            comfortable, fun-to-drive car that
                                            just happens to get spectacular fuel
                                            economy. It also provides a
                                            promising look at a future where
                                            extreme fuel-efficiency, ultra-low
                                            emissions, and exceptional
                                            performance will happily coexist."
                                            In other words, the Prius isn't just a
                                            great hybrid, it's a great car.
                                            Emissions and Fuel Economy.
                                            The terms are confusing. Cars that
                                            are said to be low in emissions
                                            release fewer smog-producing gases
                                            because of pollution control devices,
                                            such as catalytic converters, in the
                                            car. However, they still may emit
                                            plenty of CO2, the primary
                                            greenhouse gas responsible for
                                            global warming. That's because
                                            there's a direct relationship between
                                            the amount of gas burned and the
                                            amount of CO2 released -- 20
                                            pounds per gallon. For that reason,
                                            it's important to get a car that's not
                                            only clean, but gets good mileage.
                                            Driving Well. Whatever kind of car
                                            you drive, you'll improve your
                                            mileage and lower your emissions if
                                            1) Avoid quick starts and gunning
                                            the engine.
                                            2) Minimize use of the air conditioner
                                            and heater.
                                            3) Remove unnecessary cargo that
                                            adds weight to the car.
                                            4) Keep your tires properly inflated.
                                            5) Get regular tune-ups.
                                            6) Keep your car in the garage if you
                                            have one.
                                            7) Plan and consolidate your trips.
                                            At the gas pump, avoid "topping off"
                                            the tank to prevent spilling gasoline
                                            that pollutes the air when it
  Sheryl Eisenberg is a web developer and writer. With her firm, Mixit Productions
  (, she brought NRDC online in 1996, designed NRDC's first
  websites, and continues to develop special web features for NRDC. She created and, for several
  years, wrote the Union of Concerned Scientists' green living column, Greentips, and has designed and
  contributed content to many nonprofit sites.
                       © 2004 Natural Resources Defense Council
  To subscribe to This Green Life, go to:


Return to HOME page
. . .
Travel Alternatives
Food Supplements
Electric Vehicles
Mass Transit
Car Pollution
Fuel Cells